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Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Michael Clugston, Malcolm Stewart, and Fabrice Birembaut
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date: 14 July 2024

p. 97 Chapter 10 Kineticslocked

p. 97 Chapter 10 Kineticslocked

  • Michael Clugston, Michael Clugstonformerly Tonbridge School
  • Malcolm StewartMalcolm StewartUniversity of Oxford
  •  and Fabrice BirembautFabrice BirembautCaen, France

Abstract

This chapter discusses rates of reactions in kinetics. The rate of reaction is based on the rate of change of concentration per unit time. The activation energy for a reaction is the minimum energy necessary for a collision to lead to a successful reaction. The rate of reaction, then, depends on the concentration of the reactants, temperature, presence of a catalyst, and state of subdivision. The Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution pins the number of molecules in a gas with given energy against energy. On the other hand, the Arrhenius equation measures the activation energy on how the rate constant depends on the temperature.

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