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Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Michael Clugston, Malcolm Stewart, and Fabrice Birembaut
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date: 14 July 2024

p. 198 Chapter 22 Aldehydes and Ketoneslocked

p. 198 Chapter 22 Aldehydes and Ketoneslocked

  • Michael Clugston, Michael Clugstonformerly Tonbridge School
  • Malcolm StewartMalcolm StewartUniversity of Oxford
  •  and Fabrice BirembautFabrice BirembautCaen, France


This chapter describes aldehydes and ketones. Aldehydes have one alkyl group and one hydrogen atom attached to the carbonyl carbon. Ketones have two alkyl groups and resist oxidation. Both aldehydes and ketones contain the carbonyl group which has a carbon atom doubly bonded to an oxygen atom. Fehling's solution and Tollens' reagent can also help determine the differences between aldehydes and ketones. Oxidation can also help the reduction of aldehydes and ketones to primary and secondary alcohols respectively. The chapter also explains nucleophilic addition, condensation reactions, and alpha carbon reaction of aldehydes and ketones.

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