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Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Michael Clugston, Malcolm Stewart, and Fabrice Birembaut
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date: 14 July 2024

p. 48 Chapter 5 Thermochemistrylocked

p. 48 Chapter 5 Thermochemistrylocked

  • Michael Clugston, Michael Clugstonformerly Tonbridge School
  • Malcolm StewartMalcolm StewartUniversity of Oxford
  •  and Fabrice BirembautFabrice BirembautCaen, France

Abstract

This chapter focuses on thermochemistry. It starts with enthalpy change which is the heat added to a system at constant pressure. The reaction is considered endothermic if heat is taken, while it would be exothermic if heat is given out. As the chapter shows, a calorimeter can be used to measure enthalpy changes. According to Hess's law, the standard enthalpy change for a reaction is independent of the route taken from reactants to products. Atomization enthalpy, on the other hand, is the standard enthalpy change accompanying the formation of a gaseous atom from either a solid or a gas containing molecule. Finally, the chapter explains bond enthalpy, solution enthalpy, and hydration enthalpy as well.

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