Show Summary Details
Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Michael Clugston, Malcolm Stewart, and Fabrice Birembaut
Page of

Printed from Oxford Science Trove. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 14 July 2024

p. 57 Chapter 6 Chemical Equilibriumlocked

p. 57 Chapter 6 Chemical Equilibriumlocked

  • Michael Clugston, Michael Clugstonformerly Tonbridge School
  • Malcolm StewartMalcolm StewartUniversity of Oxford
  •  and Fabrice BirembautFabrice BirembautCaen, France


This chapter introduces equilibria and equilibrium constants. Equilibrium is recorded when the rate of the forward reaction equates to the rate of the backwards reaction. When equilibrium has been reached, the concentrations of all the substances remain constant. The thermodynamic equilibrium constant is devised when the standard Gibbs energy change is in line with the natural logarithm of the equilibrium constant. The chapter lists the equilibrium calculations mostly used in universities. Le Chatelier's principle refers to the small conditions changes subjected at a system in equilibrium as the equilibrium tends to shift to minimize the effect of the change.

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription