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Book

Cover Alicyclic Chemistry
Alicyclic Chemistry provides an overview of the study of non-aromatic organic compounds made up of one or more carbocyclic rings. Such compounds, which range from simple ring systems to complex bridged and polycyclic structures, provide a framework for the understanding of many concepts which underlie organic chemistry. The topics covered include a discussion of the stability and conformational behaviour of carbocyclic ring systems, and the factors which control the choice of synthetic methods and reactivity of such compounds. Many aspects of alicyclic chemistry provide an important framework for a proper understanding of the behaviour of organic molecules.

Book

Cover Amino Acid and Peptide Synthesis
Amino Acid and Peptide Synthesis introduces the study of amino acids and peptides, which is becoming increasingly important to chemists as a result of the growing overlap of mainstream organic chemistry with bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry. This introductory text begins with a brief survey of the role and diversity of amino acids, peptides, and proteins in nature, and goes on to describe and explain the principal methods of chemical synthesis.

Book

Cover Analytical Chemistry

E. Hywel Evans and Mike E. Foulkes

Analytical Chemistry starts by defining the analytical approach in terms of a framework for dealing with problems. It then looks at sampling. The chapter that follows is about sample preparation. The text moves on after that to look at instrument measurement techniques. There follows a chapter on calibration and quantitation. The text also considers reference materials and standards. Next, it looks at sampling error. Finally, the book considers method validation and quality assurance.

Book

Cover Animal Behavior
Animal Behavior opens with an introduction to the topic. The next chapter looks at the integrative study of behavior. The text also covers the development and genetic basis of animal behavior. Chapters also examine the neural basis of behavior, the physiological basis of behavior, avoiding predators, finding food, territoriality, migration, and communication. Towards the end, the text discusses reproductive behavior, mating, parental care, social evolution, and social behavior and sociality.

Book

Cover Animal Behaviour

Shawn E. Nordell and Thomas J. Valone

Animal Behavior uses broad organizing concepts to provide a framework for understanding the science of animal behavior. Featured studies illustrate each concept and emphasize the experimental designs and the hypothesis testing methods scientists use to address research questions. Concepts are related to real life to help with the understanding of the broader significance of animal behavior research, including applications to human behavior and conservation. Topics covered include behavioral genetics, sensory systems, communication, learning, and cognition. There are also chapters on antipredator behavior, dispersal and migration, habitat, mating, parental care, and sociality.

Book

Cover Animal Physiology

Patrick J. Butler, J. Anne Brown, D. George Stephenson, and John R. Speakman

Animal Physiology is composed of five parts. Part One looks at animals and their environment. It considers diversity and cells, organisms, and interactions. Part Two looks at water and salts including kidneys, excretion, water balance of land animals, and body fluid regulation. The text then goes on to examine issues related to temperature. It asks: how is temperature regulated? Part Four considers oxygen and respiration. The last part of the book is about coordination and integration. It looks at topics such as hormones, reproduction, muscles, animal movement, and integration of the respiratory and circulatory systems.

Book

Cover Animal Physiology

Richard W. Hill, Daniel J. Cavanaugh, and Margaret Anderson

Animal Physiology is composed of six parts. Part I looks at the fundamentals of physiology including animal, environment, molecules, cells, genomics, proteomics, physiological development, and transport of solids and water. Part II covers food, energy, and temperature. It looks at topics such as nutrition, feeding, digestion, energy metabolism, aerobic and anaerobic forms of metabolism, thermal relations, and food. The next part looks at integrating systems: neurons, synapses, sensory processes, nervous system organization, biological clocks, endocrine and neuroendocrine physiology, reproduction, and integrating systems in action. The next part covers movement and muscle. Part V is about oxygen, carbon dioxide, and internal transport. The final part of the book looks into water, salts, and excretion.

Book

Cover Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Chemistry
Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Chemistry details the various applications of artificial intelligence in the chemical science fields. Artificial intelligence is not just about making machines think; it is also a powerful problem-solving tool. Many scientific problems can be solved only with difficulty using conventional methods, yet these same problems may be ideally suited to attack using artificial intelligence. The chapters cover artificial intelligence, artificial neural networks, expert systems, and genetic algorithms.

Book

Cover Applied Ecology

Anne E. Goodenough and Adam G. Hart

Applied Ecology shows how an understanding of ecological theory can be used to address the most important issues facing ecologists today. It emphasizes the use of ecological tools and approaches in applied contexts and consists of four parts. Part 1 provides an overview of the subjects covered in this text and introduces applied ecology. Part 2 covers monitoring and looks at ecological surveying, monitoring, and ecological indicators. The next part is about managing and examines ecological impact assessment, remediation ecology, landscape ecology and management, non-native species management, and pest management. The final part is about conserving and includes the principles of conservation, in situ conservation, ex situ conservation, and reintroduction and rewilding.

Book

Cover Applied Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis
Applied Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis has two main objectives: to provide an overview of the influence of organometallic chemistry on homogeneous and heterogenous catalysis, and to provide an account of the principle commercial applications of homogeneous catalysis in industry. The first chapter provides some background to the subject, looking at the vital role that catalysis plays in the production of fuels and pharmaceuticals, amongst other things. The next chapter covers mechanistic organometallic chemistry. Chapter Three is related to hydroformylation and related reactions. The chapter that follows examines acetic acid and acetyl chemicals. The next two chapters look at nylon intermediates: buta- 1,3-diene hydrocyanation and olefin oligomerization and polymerization. The final chapter is about fine chemicals manufacture.

Book

Cover Aquatic Environmental Chemistry
Aquatic Environmental Chemistry covers the composition and underlying properties of both freshwater and marine systems and, within this framework, explains the effects of acidity, complexation, oxidation and reduction processes, and sedimentation. Equilibrium inorganic chemistry underlies the composition and properties of the aquatic environment and provides a sound basis for understanding both natural geochemical processes and the behaviour of inorganic pollutants in the environment. The format adopted for the book consists of two parallel columns. The inner column is the main body of the book and can be read on its own. The outer column is a source of useful secondary material where comments on the main text, explanations of unusual terms, and guidance through mathematical steps are to be found. A wide range of examples to explain the behaviour of inorganic species in freshwater and marine systems are used throughout.

Book

Cover Aqueous Acid-Base Equilibria and Titrations
Aqueous Acid-Base Equilibria and Titrations uses new theoretical developments which have led to more generalized approaches to equilibrium problems; these approaches are often simpler than the approximations which they replace. Acid-base problems are readily addressed in terms of the proton condition, a convenient amalgam of the mass and charge constraints of the chemical system considered. The graphical approach of Bjerrum, Hȩgg, and Sillén is used to illustrate the orders of magnitude of the concentrations of the various species involved in chemical equilibria. Based on these concentrations, the proton condition can usually be simplified, often leading directly to the value of the pH. In the description of acid-base titrations, a general master equation is developed. The text provides a continuous and complete description of the entire titration curve, which can then be used for computer-based comparison with experimental data. Graphical estimates of the steepness of titration curves are also developed, from which the practicality of a given titration can be anticipated. Activity effects are described in detail, including their effect on titration curves. The discussion emphasizes the distinction between equilibrium constants and electrometric pH measurements, which are subject to activity corrections, and balance equations and spectroscopic pH measurements, which are not. Finally, an entire chapter is devoted to what the pH meter measures, and to the experimental and theoretical uncertainties involved.

Book

Cover Aromatic Chemistry

Malcolm Sainsbury

Aromatic Chemistry presents all the basic principles of this important topic in an account which takes as its examples many compounds of industrial and biological significance. Consideration is given to the structure, reactions, and properties of benzene and classes of aromatic compounds derived from it, and topics such as thermodynamic versus kinetic control and pericyclic reactions are introduced. The text also covers polycyclic arenes and the small and large ring systems which are embraced by the wider definition of aromaticity.

Book

Cover Aromatic Heterocyclic Chemistry
Aromatic Heterocyclic Chemistry argues that heterocyclic compounds are of prime importance to organic chemists working in the chemical industry. The emphasis of this text is on synthetic aspects rather than properties, and it covers the essential details and basic principles with reference to all the important classes of heterocyclic compounds. Instructional problems are included as an aid to comprehension, and references to more detailed texts are provided.

Book

Cover Atkins’ Physical Chemistry

Peter Atkins, Julio de Paula, and James Keeler

Physical Chemistry provides a comprehensive overview of this topic. It starts off with looking into the properties of gases. It then covers the First, Second, and Third Laws. Next it looks into physical transformations of pure substances, simple mixtures, and chemical equilibrium. The text also considers quantum theory, atomic structure and spectra, molecular structure, molecular symmetry, and molecular spectroscopy. There follows a chapter about magnetic resonance. The text then looks at statistical thermodynamics. The last quarter of the book considers molecular interactions, solids, molecules in motion, chemical kinetic, and reaction dynamics. The last chapter covers processes at solid surfaces.

Book

Cover Atomic Spectra
Atomic Spectra starts off by looking at quantum mechanics and the relationship of quantum mechanics with light. The next chapter considers the structure and spectrum of the hydrogen atoms. The text also covers the spectrum of the helium atom. Finally, the text examines the spectra of many-electron atoms.

Book

Cover The Basis and Applications of Heterogenuous Catalysis
The Basis and Applications of Heterogeneous Catalysis covers a wide range of topics within this field. Catalysis is one of the most important technologies in our modern world. We depend on it to produce materials, such as plastics, from oil; we depend on it to produce fuel to power our cars; we depend on it to remove the pollutants emitted from the engines of those cars; we even depend on it for the functioning and growth of our own bodies. It is therefore highly important that we ask ourselves the question, 'What is catalysis?' This book does exactly that, concentrating on the most important type of catalysis for industry, namely heterogeneous catalysis. The book is split into three sections, dealing with the fundamentals of adsorption and reaction at surfaces, the nature of heterogeneous catalysts and their synthesis, and the applications of this technology in the modern world.

Book

Cover Behavioral Neurobiology
Behavioral Neurobiology starts off with an introduction. The next chapter presents the fundamentals of neurobiology. The text also gives a brief history on the study of animal behavior and its neural basis, and examines orienting movements. Other topics covered include active orientation and localization, the neuronal control of motor output, the neuronal processing of sensory information, and sensorimotor integration. The text then goes on to consider neuromodulation and the accommodation of motivational changes in behavior, circadian rhythms and biological clocks, and large-scale navigation in terms of migration and homing, communication, and cellular mechanisms of learning and memory.

Book

Cover Bifunctional Compounds
Bifunctional Compounds outlines some of the methods used to prepare bifunctional compounds and then surveys the chemistry of some of the more important classes. Most important organic molecules contain more than one functional group, and very often the interaction between these groups determines the chemical and biological behaviour of the compounds. Individual chapters look at the preparation of bifunctional compounds, reactions of dienes, of diols, of hydroxy- and aminocarbonyl compounds, of dicarbonyl compounds, and of unsaturated carbonyl compounds. The text also covers enamines, enol ethers, enolates, allyl compounds, and cyclization and polymerization.

Book

Cover The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance

Ronald J. Maughan and Michael Gleeson

The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance looks at this topic by type of sport. Firstly, however, it introduces with an assessment of the biochemical basis of exercise and sport. The first sport it tackles is weightlifting, for which muscle strength and function are vital. It looks at protein in enzymes and the nutritional effects on strength training and performance. Next, it turns to the sprinter, for whom anaerobic metabolism is important. Then, it looks at middle-distance events and talks the reader through the glycolytic pathway amongst other elements. After that comes the endurance athlete who needs to consider energy supply and aerobic power. The game player follows and here fatigue in sprint sports is looked into. The text then moves on to a more general discussion of what constitutes sporting talent. It ends with a look at adaptations to training: training for speed, strength, middle-distance, endurance, and training strategies.