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Cover Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Introduction to Organic Chemistry  

This chapter introduces organic chemistry. This type of chemistry involves the study of compounds formed by carbon. The chapter highlights how living organisms are mainly composed of carbon compounds. Structural formula shows exactly which atoms are bonded together. A homologous series is a collection of molecules with the same functional group differing only in the number of carbon atoms present. The chapter discusses the IUPAC nomenclature for the alkane molecules. It also examines the major classes of isomers: structural isomers and stereoisomers. Organic reactions are classified as either radicals, nucleophiles, or electrophiles. The functional group level of a particular carbon atom establishes the number of bonds to the atom that is more electronegative than carbon.