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Chapter

Cover Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Instrumental Analysis  

This chapter expounds on the types of instrumental analysis used in chemical laboratories, especially those working with organic compounds. It also notes the fragmentation patterns that characterize a molecule. Mass spectrometry is utilized to search for a compound's molecular formula, while infrared spectroscopy involves the absorption of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum's infrared region. The energy absorbed makes the bonds vibrate more energetically. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy calculates nuclei's protons and neutrons that possess nuclear spins. The chapter also explains the process of spin-spin splitting or coupling in the NMR spectra as it depends on the number of adjacent protons.

Book

Cover Making the Transition to University Chemistry

Michael Clugston, Malcolm Stewart, and Fabrice Birembaut

Making the transition to university chemistry aims to help students make the significant step from school to university, setting them up to be confident and successful in their chemistry studies. The book begins by looking at the basic atomic structure, bonding, and molecular shape. There is a chapter on moles. The text turns to the different states of matter after that. There are also chapters on thermochemistry, chemical equilibrium, and acid-base equilibrium. The middle of the book moves on to look at redox reactions, spontaneous change, entropy, and Gibbs energy. The periodic table is also examined, as are the halogens and transition metals. Hydrocarbons are considered. Towards the end, the text moves on to aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, polymers, and instrumental analysis.