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Book

Cover Thrive in Human Physiology

Ian Kay and Gethin Evans

Thrive in Human Physiology provides an initial introduction to human physiology. It then looks at control and co-ordination in terms of the nervous system and the endocrine system. It moves on to musculoskeletal physiology and movement, cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, renal physiology, gastrointestinal physiology, reproductive physiology, and integrative physiology.

Book

Cover Introduction to Bioinformatics

Arthur M. Lesk

Introduction to Bioinformatics starts off by introducing the topic. It then looks at genetics and genomes. It moves on to consider the panorama of life. The text also considers alignments and phylogenetic trees. There is a chapter on structural bioinformatics and drug discovery. The text also examines scientific publications and archives, particularly media, content, access, and presentation. Artificial intelligence is considered as well, in addition to machine learning. There is an introduction to systems biology that follows towards the end. The book's final chapters look at metabolic pathways and control of organization.

Chapter

Cover Animal Physiology

Neurons  

This chapter discusses the electrical basis of neuronal function and shows how this correlates to the ability of neurons to generate and propagate electrical signals. It references the neurons of squids, cockroaches, jellyfish and humans to show how the cellular mechanisms of neuronal signalling are similar in all animals. Stimulation of a neuron results in a local change in membrane potential at the site of stimulation. Depending on the nature of the stimulus, the response can be either a membrane depolarisation or hyperporalisation. The chapter also considers the range of physiological control processes and the contrasting functions of neuronal and hormonal modes of integration. It notes the passive electrical properties of neurons and the propagation of action potentials.